This joint WWF-World Bank report tackles the E pillar of ESG - a critically underexplored
issue for the financial industry. The report describes a potential solution within the emerging field of ‘spatial finance’, which complements existing ESG data streams, and outlines for the first time a robust taxonomy for the field. Along with insights from global thought leaders and practitioners, the report provides case studies from cutting-edge start-up technologies, such as methane detection from space, and perspectives of established financial data providers, such as Bloomberg and S&P Global. They conclude by outlining the role of the environmental non- profits, as key data holders, in supporting the field.